Fake News?

Telling lies is easy. Finding out the truth takes time.

Sometimes the truth is stranger than fiction, but often stories that seem preposterous are from fake news sources. Before you share a story, or cite it in your research, take some time to find out if it is real. Many people share stories before they even read them. Not all "fake news" is created equal. Misinformation are falsehoods that are unintentional, perhaps because of a reporting error, or because something was shared before it was properly verified. Disinformation is intentional with intent to deceive the receiver. 

To find out more about fake news you can check out this topics page from Opposing Viewpoints in Context.

How can I tell?

Sometimes determining if news is fake is as simple as performing a Google search, other times you will need to do a little digging. Some fake stories may be based on a grain of truth, or based on a misunderstanding.

Take these steps before sharing an article:

  • Read the article yourself - Not just the headline! 
  • Try searching these sites to find out if a story has already been "debunked".

    Lead Stories
    Truth or Fiction
    Media Bias Fact Check

    Washington Post Fact Checker
    CQ Researcher
    RumorGuard -this website also has good information on how to learn to identify misinformation

    AI can generate very legitimate-looking fake images. Take some time to verify what you are seeing.

  • For Images
    Download SurfSafe 
    Google Reverse Image Search - click on the camera icon and upload or paste an image

  • For Videos

    Be especially wary of videos that have translations of languages you don't understand yourself!

  • If you are still not sure if a site is legitimate look for an "about us" page - and read it! Some fake news sites will state openly that they are satire or for entertainment only. Is there information about a parent company? What can you find out about it?
  • Check out other page links, if there are none, or if they do not lead where you expect, chances are the site is fake. 
  • Consider for yourself if the story is really plausible. Do you really think the president would sign a bill banning the recitation of the Pledge of Allegiance? or that Texas has implemented Sharia Law?
  • Check to see if any other (legitimate) news sources are reporting the same story. If not, chances are good that it is made up.
  • Look at the quotes. Who said them? Does the reporter quote more than one source? What do you know about the people quoted? Can you find more information them?
  • Consider what kind evidence the reporter provides in the story. 
  • Look for pop up ads, or other "clickbait". Fake news sources make their money through ads and getting readers to click on them.
  • Look for words and punctuation that play on emotions. Disinformation is designed to evoke an visceral reaction. The excessive use of ALL CAPS or multiple exclamation points are clues that you are looking at fake news!!!

AllSides presents news stories from three viewpoints: the center; the left; and the right
The Interactive Media Bias Chart from Ad Fontes Media evaluates news sources on a scale of left to right, and reliability


Image of a newspaper with an ad that appears to be a real article

Advertisements can masquerade as news stories. Ironically, although they may contain the  words "paid content", "sponsored content", or "advertisement", clearly labeling themselves as an ad, many people still do not identify them as such. The "article" above is actually an ad that appeared in the Delaware County  Daily Times. Note the words "Special Advertising Feature" at the top of the page.

Known Fake News or Satire Sources

Sometimes satire is mistaken for actual news. The Onion is strictly a source for satire and humor, however, some of its stories still get shared as real news by those who are unaware. Be dubious of any story from the following sources.

"Pink Slime" sites

There are over 1000 sites dedicated to producing fake or misleading news stories that look like legitimate local news sources. These may have names such as The Denver Guardian or The El Paso Review. They typically share automated news stories and are funded by political-interest groups. These sites proliferated during the 2020 election season, especially in swing states.

Deep Fake Videos

Deepfake videos are manipulated to make it appear that someone said or did something incriminating. They are called "deep fake" because they are hard to spot. Clues to look for are inconsistent eye movement, awkward posture, or abrupt changes, unnatural coloring of skin, hair, or teeth. and inconsistent audio. As artificial intelligence advances to both create and detect deepfakes it is worthwhile to do a little fact checking and consider for yourself whether something you see is even plausible. 

More information on spotting deepfakes can be found here.


Be aware of sites that mimic legitimate news sources. Often these will have .co at the end of their domain name. For example abcnews.com.co uses the abc news logo, but readers will notice stories that are less than credible, no publisher information, and links that do not work. 

More Information

How Fake News Can Spread